Extending the philosophical excursions of Nietzsche Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm. [1970–75; < French] Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The term deconstruction has thus come to designate a range of radical theoretical enterprises in such fields as law, architecture, theology, feminism, gay and lesbian studies, ethics and political theory, in addition to philosophy, psychoanalysis, and literary and cultural studies. Deconstruction, as a literary theory, purely aims at proving that the author or the poet of a particular text on which the theory is being applied is either mad or does not know how to craft a literary art perfectly (does even the best of the Deconstructionists know what is a perfect literary work?). It is in fact much closer to the original meaning of the word 'analysis' itself, which etymologically means "to undo" -- a virtual … It owed its origins in part to the linguistic and other work of French philosophers and critics such as Ferdinand de Saussure, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida. 1) on the fact that deconstruction sees all writing as a complex historical, cultural process rooted in the relations of texts to each other and in the institutions and conventions of writing, and 2) on the sophistication and intensity of its sense that human knowledge is not as controllable or as convincing as Western thought would have it and that language operates in subtle and often contradictory ways, so that certainty will always elude us. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. …the challenge of postmodernism and deconstruction been felt more keenly than in the history of ideas. Are you an author? Deconstruction: The term denotes a particular kind of practice in reading and, thereby, a method of criticism and mode of analytical inquiry. Deconstruction’s influence widened to include a variety of other disciplines. With an emphasis on readers and reading, Jonathan Culler considered deconstruction in terms of the questions raised by psychoanalytic, feminist, and reader-response criticism. Noté /5. ISBN-13: 978-0198128960. By Nasrullah Mambrol on March 22, 2016 • ( 10 ), Deconstruction involves the close reading of texts in order to demonstrate that any given text has irreconcilably contradictory meanings, rather than being a unified, logical whole. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. A brief, simplified explanation of Literary Deconstruction for a college course project. He also rejected the structuralist belief that texts have identifiable “centres” of meaning–a belief structuralists shared with formalists. Deconstruction: Theory and Practice has been acclaimed as by far the most readable, concise and authoritative guide to this topic. Finally, the influence of deconstruction spread beyond the humanities and social sciences to the arts and architecture. Deconstructionists, by contrast, see works in terms of their undecidability. They generally examined the individual work not as a self-contained artifact but as a product of relations with other texts or discourses, literary and nonliterary. tion. Without oversimplifying or glossing over the challenges, Norris makes deconstruction more accessible to the reader. The theory is anchored on its tenets that; meaning is not fixed and closed but flexible and open, hence new interpretation can emanate from a text by different readers and critics. Reading against the grain, finding the loopholes, looking for silly grammatical glitches and proving that … It's the 'whole' of the metal itself and the 'holes' in between that make up the future building's shape. Deconstruction made its first inroads in the United States through departments of literary criticism, which sought new strategies for interpreting literary texts. Conclusion Deconstruction theory believes in the dynamics of literature and language. There is a focus on the actual rhetoric and verbiage of the text as … They reject the formalist view that a work of literature is demonstrably unified from beginning to end, in one certain way, or that it is organized around a single centre that ultimately can be identified. The information below is meant merely as a guide or introduction to modern literary theories and trends. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In anthropology, deconstruction contributed to an increased awareness of the role that anthropological field-workers play in shaping, rather than merely describing, the situations they report on and to a greater concern about the discipline’s historical connections to colonialism. So it can make us more critical citizens as well as more critical readers of literary texts. In general, deconstruction is a philosophy of meaning, which deals with the ways that meaning is constructed by writers, texts, and readers. Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the 1960s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic of philosophical and literary texts. Its impact on literature, mediated in North America largely through the influences of theorists at Yale University, is based Have you ever seen the scaffolding that goes up during the construction of a building? Learn about Author Central . Others accused it of being ahistorical and apolitical. In the United States in the 1970s and ’80s, deconstruction played a major role in the animation and transformation of literary studies by literary theory (often referred to simply as “theory”), which was concerned with questions about the nature of language, the production of meaning, and the relationship between literature and the numerous discourses that structure human experience and its histories. Some philosophers, especially those in the Anglo-American tradition, dismissed it as obscurantist wordplay whose major claims, when intelligible, were either trivial or false. 2. a philosophical and critical movement that started in France in the 1960s, holding this theory. Here the goal has been to interpret past texts; the intentions of the author, as revealed in those texts, set limits to possible interpretations even where they do not mandate a single one. Noté /5. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Deconstruction in the social sciences and the arts. As a result, deconstruction became associated and sometimes confused with other trends, including reader response theory, which argues that a text's Between the late 1960s and the early 1980s, many thinkers were influenced by deconstruction, including Paul de Man, Geoffrey Hartman, and J. Hillis Miller. In the United States, the Critical Legal Studies movement applied deconstruction to legal writing in an effort to reveal conflicts between principles and counterprinciples in legal theory. See search results for this author. Despite such attacks, deconstruction has had an enormous impact on a variety of intellectual enterprises. Derrida challenged the conventional cultural markers of…. Derrida did not believe that structuralists could explain the laws governing human signification and thus provide the key to understanding the form and meaning of everything from an African village to Greek myth to a literary text. We live in a logo centric world – We want to believe that everything is grounded. The movement explored fundamental oppositions such as public and private, essence and accident, and substance and form. Similarly, deconstructionlooks at what makes a text whole and what holes are in between its piec… It rejects traditional readings and instead, calls readers to seek out contradictory viewpoints and analysis. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Deconstruction can help us to question and revise everything we're told about the world—our received ideas. As a result, deconstructionists see texts as more radically heterogeneous than do formalists. Beyond Deconstruction: The Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory Howard Felperin Abstract. Formalist critics, such as the New Critics, assume that a work of literature is a freestanding, self-contained object whose meaning can be found in the complex network of relations between its parts (allusions, images, rhythms, sounds, etc.). Retrouvez Beyond Deconstruction: Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. The volume focuses on the works of Jacques Derrida which caused this seismic shift in critical thought, as well as the work of N This group came to be known as the Yale school and was especially influential in literary criticism. Some strands of feminist thinking engaged in a deconstruction of the opposition between “man” and “woman” and critiqued essentialist notions of gender and sexual identity. Founded in 1977 it remains responsive to new concerns and committed to patient, inventive reading as the wellspring of critical research. 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Derrida and Hillis Miller were subsequently affiliated with the University of California, Irvine. As J. Hillis Miller, the preeminent American deconstructionist, has explained in an essay entitled Stevens’ Rock and Criticism as Cure (1976), “Deconstruction is not a dismantling of the structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself. Its impact on literature, mediated in North America largely through the influences of theorists at Yale University, is based Its apparently solid ground is no rock but thin air.”. 12. French critic Jacques Derrida is also recognized as French Philosopher who developed three works which namely: Of Grammatology, Writing and Difference, and Speech and Phenomena and other writings on theory of signs. Deconstruction is a literary criticism movement originated by French critic Jacques Derrida in 1960’s. Literary Trends and Influences* * Disclaimer: When theories are explained briefly, a necessary reduction in their complexity and richness occurs. Though a deconstructive reading can reveal the incompatible possibilities generated by the text, it is impossible for the reader to settle on any permanent meanings. WHAT DO THEY THINK ABOUT HUMBERTO ECO THEORIES ABOUT THE MULTIPLES READINGS ANY TEXT HAVE INSIDE…. Deconstruction’s reception was coloured by its intellectual predecessors, most notably structuralism and New Criticism. Derrida suggests these oppositions are hierarchies in miniature, containing one term that Western culture views as positive or superior and another considered negative or inferior, even if only slightly so. Never mind the theory's enticing talk about "play." Undecidability, by contrast, is never reduced, let alone mastered in deconsctruction. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Though Deconstruction is primarily understood as a theory of TEXTUALITY and as a method for reading texts, it constitutes for many a radically new way of seeing and knowing the world. Arguing that identity is the product or result of action rather than the source of it, they embraced a performative concept of identity modeled on the way in which linguistic acts (such as promising) work to bring into being the entities (the promise) to which they refer. The past two decades have seen swift and radical change in the way literature is perceived and taught in this country and abroad, as numerous new schools of theory have blossomed, particularly at Yale, Johns Hopkins, and Cambridge. In psychoanalysis, deconstructive readings of texts by Sigmund Freud and others drew attention to the role of language in the formation of the psyche; showed how psychoanalytic case studies are shaped by the kinds of psychic mechanisms that they purport to analyze (thus, Freud’s writings are themselves organized by processes of repression, condensation, and displacement); and questioned the logocentric presuppositions of psychoanalytic theory. This perspective was influential in gay and lesbian studies, or “queer theory,” as the academic avant-garde linked to movements of gay liberation styled itself. Combining deconstruction’s interest in tension and oppositions with the design vocabulary of Russian constructivism, deconstructivist architects such as Frank Gehry challenged the functionalist aesthetic of modern architecture through designs using radical geometries, irregular forms, and complex, dynamic constructions. Deconstruction, as applied in the criticism of literature, designates a theory and practice of reading which questions and claims to "subvert" or "undermine" the assumption that the system of language provides grounds that are adequate to establish the boundaries, the coherence or unity, and the determinate meanings of a literary text. Eliot’s Tradition and the Individual Talent. Deconstruction rejected the project of modern criticism: to uncover the meaning of a literary work by studying the way its form and con-tent communicate essential humanistic messages. Retrouvez Beyond Deconstruction: The Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Although obviously a critical tool, it also lacks the sense, evident in Heidegger, that the text to be deconstructed is part of how European thought has somehow gone wrong and needs correction. Deconstruction, in essence, allows the reader to “take apart” a text in order to decipher a new meaning. theory of deconstruction 1. ISBN-10: 0198128967. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Beginning in France in the 1950s, the structuralist movement in anthropology analyzed various cultural phenomena as general systems of “signs” and attempted to develop “metalanguages” of terms and concepts in which the different sign systems could be described. Howard Felperin (Author) 3.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. The critical movement generally known as deconstruction centred on the instability and protean ambiguity of language. But if you really want to set deconstruction to work, you've got to work to achieve that goal. Deconstruction was both created and has been profoundly influenced by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. 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