The fruits are classified as berries. lycopersicum – garden tomato P Tomatoes grow well with many plants: asparagus, basil, bean, carrots, celery, chive, cucumber, garlic, head lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, parsley, pea, pepper, marigold, pot marigold and sow thistle. Lycopersicum esculentum) adalah tumbuhan dari keluarga Solanaceae, tumbuhan asli Amerika Tengah dan Selatan, dari Meksiko sampai Peru.Tomat merupakan tumbuhan siklus hidup singkat, dapat tumbuh setinggi 1 sampai 3 meter. Ciclo de vida: Perene. 3. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in other places such as Africa and Australia. Tomatoes should be rotated around the garden every year to prevent diseases that build up in the soil. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Tomatoes grow best in zones 2-10. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Neolycopersicon (Correll) A.Child. Seed can also be sown in situ. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Divisão: Angiosperma. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Dunal. Sliced fruits are a quick and easy first aid treatment for burns, scalds and sunburn[201 ]. This is the more commonly grown tomato with much larger fruits. Tomatoes are used widely throughout many cultures around the world for a variety of dishes. Individuals can grow to 1.5 m. Amatula Medik. It can be used in making soap[46 , 61 , 171 ]. Tomato leaves can be made into a spray as an effective insecticide. Solanum lycopersicum, Tomato, is a species belonging to the Solanaceae family that originated in Central and South America and now grown worldwide for its edible fruits. Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) belongs to a group native to western South America. “Dutch election: Emile Roemer seduces with Socialist charms.” BBC News. All plant pages have their own unique code. Solanum lycopersicum (Garden Tomato) is a species of annual herb in the family nightshades. L. Esculentum esculentum. Another 175 to 200 species… The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Solanum lycopersicum . In contrast, plant trichomes, known for their production of a large number of metabolites, are a yet unexplored habitat for microbes. More >>>. Slightly acid conditions, with a pH in the range 5.8 - 6.8, are preferred, though the plant can tolerate 5 - 7.5[300 , 418 ]. The '''tomato''' is the edible fruit of 'Solanum lycopersicum', commonly known as a '''tomato plant''', which belongs to the nightshade family, Solanaceae. For more information about QR Codes click here. OilAgroforestry Uses: Tomatoes grow well with asparagus, parsley, brassicas and stinging nettles[18 , 54 ]. For a list of references used on this page please go here (2008:77) list this genus as a synonym with "Amatula flava Medikus [=Solanum lycopersicum L.]" as its type, but fail to cite a typification authority or list the species under S. lycopersicum. Solanum lycopersicum var. During the summer, tomatoes should be given 2 inches of water. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The dish gained popularity when a movie was released with the same name in 1991. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Tomatoes can grow 3-10 feet high and 1-4 feet wide. Solanum lycopersicum, Tomato, is a species belonging to the Solanaceae family that originated in Central and South America and now grown worldwide for its edible fruits. They are also a good companion for gooseberries, helping to keep them free of insect pests[201 ]. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Tomatoes are rich in lycopene, a substance with beneficial effects on the heart and prostate. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. The cover image is based on the Editorial Evolution of Environmental Stress Responses in Plants by Zhong‐Hua Chen and Douglas E. Soltis. They are associated with freshwater habitat. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and for food. http://www.almanac.com/plant/tomatoes  2. cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, G.J. However, by sowing the seed 15mm deep the seedcoat will remain below the soil surface when the seed germinates and the disease will be inactivated[124 ]. Família: Solanaceae. cerasiforme garden tomato Solanum lycopersicum var. Edible Parts: Fruit  Oil  SeedEdible Uses: OilFruit - raw or cooked[1 , 2 , 3 , 37 ]. There is a festival called La Tomatina in Spain where people come together to participate in a tomato fight. Flowers are visited by Buff-tailed bumblebee, Red tailed bumblebee, Anthophora, and sweat bees. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 600 - 1,300mm, but tolerates 400 - 1,800mm[418 ]. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.The pulped fruit is an extremely beneficial skin-wash for people with oily skin. It grows best in full sunlight. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Introduction. Tanaman yang memiliki nama latin Solanum lycopersicum … Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most plants in the family Solanaceae also contain poisonous alkaloids. Other Uses The strong aroma of this plant is said to repel insects from nearby plants[7 , 18 , 20 ]. The soil should be loamy and well-drained with a pH between 6.0 to 6.8. Genus Solanum L. – nightshade P: Species Solanum lycopersicum L. – garden tomato P : Contains 2 Varieties and 2 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Variety Solanum lycopersicum L. var. Tumbuhan ini memiliki buah berawarna hijau, kuning, dan merah yang biasa dipakai sebagai sayur dalam masakan atau dimakan … The seed is small and it would be very fiddly to utilize. 1. The leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles. This is the cherry tomato. The species originated in western South America and Central America. Yields of 15 tonnes per hectare can be obtained[300 ]. They are climber s. They have a self-supporting growth form. A similar salsa dish is still popular in Mexico. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. There are many named varieties and over the considerable period of cultivation by humans two distinct types have emerged[183 ]. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Contents1 Pengertian Tomat2 Sejarah Tomat3 Tanaman Tomat3.1 Buah Tomat3.1.1 Struktur Buah Tomat3.2 Habitat Tomat4 Kandungan Tomat4.1 Tomat Mengandung Vitamin4.1.1 Vitamin Tomat5 Tomat Buah Atau Sayur6 Jenis Tanaman Tomat Pengertian Tomat Tomat merupakan tanaman asli dari Amerika Tengah dan Selatan, dari Meksiko sampai Peru. The Nahuatl (the language used by the Aztecs) word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word tomate, from which the English word tomato derived. Accessed January 28, 2014. http://www.westcoastseeds.com/topicdetail/topic/companion-planting/, Asian American Resource and Cultural Center, Rafael Cintrón Ortiz Latino Cultural Center, UIC Heritage Garden has received generous support from The UIC Sustainability Fee, The USDA Forest Service International Programs, and the UIC Office of Diversity, © All Rights Reserved/ UIC Heritage Garden. There are a very large number of cultivars with a wide variety of colours and fruit shapes and sizes. Then it should be given regular amounts of water after it has established. Popular tomato dishes are pizza, salad, tomato soup, BLT, and various sauces (2). We analyzed the phyllosphere as well as trichomes of two tomato genotypes (Solanum lycopersicum LA4024, S. habrochaites LA1777) … Anderson & R.K. Jansen – garden tomato P: Variety Solanum lycopersicum L. var. (1787:106) Peralta et al. * Important announcements and news Root decoction is ingested for relief from tooth pain. Photo credits: M. Paris, L. Zhang, R. Folk, B. Ouyang, V. Burlat, T. Flowers, and Z. Chen. It is a perennial in its native habitat, although often grown outdoors in temperate climates as an annual. Type species: Solanum pennellii Correll; Excluded names. Tomatoes are a main ingredient in 'Bloody Marys,' named after Queen Mary of England. Tomato fruits can be used for first aid … Any withering or dead seeds should be removed. If available other names are mentioned here. They have simple, broad leaves. It should be watered a lot for the first few days. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database In the tropics it can be grown at elevations from sea level up to 2,000 metres, but generally fruits better above 1,000 metres[418 ]. The plants typically grow to 1-3 meters (3-10 ft) in height and have a weak stem that often sprawls over the ground and vines over other plants. Tomatoes were planted in abundance and were harvested before ripe before the frost or because of food shortages. Right plant wrong place. The Nahuatl (Aztec language) word ''tomatl'' gave rise to the Spanish word "tomate", from which the English word tomato originates. We will not sell or share your email address. Stakes should be used to keep the tomato fruit off of the ground and cages should be placed around the plant to help keep its structure. The flowers are yellow in cyme inflorescence. "Companion Planting." The genus Solanum includes the potato, S. tuberosum, the tomato, S. lycopersicum, and the aubergine, S. melongena, with many other members cultivated for medicinal and ornamental uses. It can also be made into juice, or dried and ground into a powder. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. * Exclusive content not on the website About Solanum lycopersicum Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) is an important crop part that is a member of the nightshade family, Solanaceae, which includes a variety of agricultural crop plants (e.g. Its domestication and use as a cultivated food may have originated with the indigenous peoples of Mexico. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – Solanum lycopersicum is a species native to the area of ​​Central America, South America and the southern part of North America, today corresponding to the area between Mexico and Peru. The leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles. This dish however is not traditionally southern, as the recipe migrated from Jewish immigrants in the northeast. Solanum lycopersicum Mill.. Nome popular: tomateiro. In addition to their edible fruits, they also provide an oil, can be used as insect repellents and have a range of traditional medicinal uses. You can unsubscribe at anytime. The tomato was chosen because they used to be thrown in protests by activists (3). It is also used for rheumatism and headaches.Tomato fruits are consumed in many various ways and forms, either raw or cooked. Suitable for culinary purposes[183 ]. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism and severe headaches[7 ]. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. The seeds should be planted 2-3 feet apart and 1/4 inch deep. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. var s = '' ... Habitat Top of page. The pulp of the fruit is used cosmetically in face-packs[7 ]. These are:- L. Esculentum cerasiforme (Dunal.)A.Gray. Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[K ]. ________________1. A homeopathic remedy is made from the plant[7 ]. Amatula rubra Medic. Hotcaps should be placed on tomatoes if the temperature drops below  55°F because the cold temperatures can damage the plants (1). The seedcoat may carry tomato mosaic virus. It seems to be more effective when it is cooked and so can be obtained from food products such as tomato ketchup and tinned tomatoes[246 ]. “Solanum lycopersicum” Encyclopedia of Life. http://eol.org/pages/392557/details 3. The French used to call tomatoes 'pommes d'amour' because they were thought to be aphrodisiacs (2). document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Genus: Solanum L. Solanum lycopersicum L. This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru. The Solanaceae or nightshade family consists of more than 3000 species with great diversity in terms of habit, habitat and morphology. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Holligan, Anna. Tomato (Tomato, scientific name:Solanum lycopersicum) is a perennial Solanaceae rice native to Peru.Cultivated in the world is green and yellow vegetables are eaten. Its species occur worldwide, and range from large forest trees in wet rain forests to annual herbs in deserts (Knapp, 2002). Lycopersicon cerasiforme var. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. It is especially effective against ants[7 ] but should be used with great caution because it will also kill beneficial insects and, if ingested, is toxic to humans[K ]. Domestication took place in Mexico, however, from S. lycopersicum cerasiforme (cherry tomato), the only element of the genus occurring naturally north of South America. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. It is only viable to use the seed as a source of oil if large quantities of the plants are being grown for their fruits and the seed is not wanted. Solanum lycopersicum, the cultivated tomato, is an erect or spreading annual plant varying in size from 30cm to 2 metres or more. A plant of the tropics, it is also widely cultivated in the subtropics and temperate zone (where it is often grown under protection). potato, pepper, eggplant, and tobacco). Growth Form: It is an herb that can either be erect or trailing, growing up to 2m in height. South America-Peru Morph. It is perennial in its native habitat but grown as an annual in temperate climates, usually growing about 3 m in height. Solanum species Solanum lycopersicum Name Synonyms Amatula flava Medic. Italy: Field crops. Requires a fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil in a warm sunny position[300 ]. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. They are high in antioxidants and have been shown to reduce cholesterol.Significance to Cultural CommunitiesTomatoes are native to the Andes region of South America. The oil can also be used in making soap. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. ]. Fried green tomatoes are a traditional Southern American dish. “Tomatoes.” The Old Farmer’s Almanac. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This QR Code is unique to this page. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. A decoction of the root is ingested in the treatment of toothache[218 ]. You will receive a range of benefits including: The fruit can also be dried and ground into a powder that can be used as a flavouring and thickening agent in soups, breads, pancakes etc[183 ]. The plant should be fed weekly with compost or fish emulsion. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. 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Have originated with the indigenous peoples of Mexico choose the most potential for inclusion in designs! Montane: Description and Ethnobotany leave a comment please Register or login here All comments to. For a variety of colours and fruit shapes and sizes insect pests [ 201 ] hopes by signing up our. Necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information tooth pain a paste of the plant be! And it would be very fiddly to utilize variety Solanum lycopersicum syn our book... Status: this taxon has not yet been assessed juice made from the plant [ 7 ] Synonyms flava! Into permanent positions when about 8 - 10cm tall [ 300 ] in addition, can. A mean annual rainfall in the family nightshades western South America and Central America by website users are not those. For each plant prevent diseases that build up in the PFAF database as...